Alpacas are sensitive to all of the parasites that infect ruminants. Liver fluke is particularly vicious in alpacas and a common cause of sudden death in endemic areas.
No wormers are licensed for use in the camelids, however we have a range of treatment options with well researched dose rates
Recommended testing frequency: 4 times per year
Highest risk periods: after flooding, 3-4 month old cria
Llama / Alpaca WEC: £12.50
For up to 5 named samples, This can be a mix&match accross the farm
Including Fluke, Lungworm and coccidia
aka the Nematodes:
Teladorsagia, Trichostrongylus, Cooperia, Oesophagostomum
Poor coat quality
Poor body condition
Slow growth rate
Midline or jaw oedema
aka Barbers Pole Worm:
aka the Cestodes:
Look horrible when wriggling out - but surprisingly harmless!
Heavy burdens in Cria cause:
Reduced gut motility
Gut rupture & peritonitis
Mainly affects cria:
Diarrhoea (often pasty)
Blood & mucus in faeces
Skinny & weak
Permanent gut damage
Healthy adults will often have coccidia in their faeces - interpret positive samples with care before using a coccidiostat
Fasciola hepatica, Fascioloides magna
Anorexia & depression
Weakness & dry faeces
Increased respiratory rate
Ascites (belly fluid)
Dictyocaulus filaria, Muellerius capillaris, Protostrongylus rufescens
Increased respiratory rate
Cysticercus tenuicollis - the larval stage of the dog tapeworm Taenia hydatigena
large numbers cause liver failure:
5-10 day old Cria
active, alert & feeding well
very liquid diarrhoea
Good parasite control is about more than using a drug every 3 months,
you can reduce risk & use of anthelminthic drugs:
do not graze with sheep or goats (they share worms)
do graze with horses (they 'hoover-up' ruminant worms)
Avoid previously flooded grazing
Avoid mud-snail areas, eg by streams
Encourage foraging behaviour
Feed hay in a rack, never the floor
Increase dietary protein in cria
Ensure new animals have a clear faeces check
Be fastidious with food & water bowl cleanliness
Focus On: EMAC Coccidia
The dreaded coccidia!
Why is it such bad news?
This tiny parasite (Eimeria macusaniensis "E-Mac") infects the gut lining of young Cria. The initial inflammation causes severe diarrhoea.
This inflammation then permanently scars, the animal will always be a 'Poor-Doer'.
The biggest problem - this scarring starts before shedding coccidia in faeces, so a positive test in a sick Cria is already too late.
To add to this complex bug's trouble - healthy adult Alpaca will have a normal population of coccidia living in their bowels - giving a positive test result when nothing is wrong.
As if that all wasn't bad enough - the treatment is difficult. No drug kills all the parasites. Decocquinate, Lasalosid and Monensin and Diclazuril will all help to reduce parasitic load, and should be used to treat in-contact crias.
Diclazuril (Vecoxan) can be given to all crias at 4-6 weeks of age on farms known to have a coccidia problem.
To add insult to injury - the bug is extremely difficult to kill in the environment. Sunlight & Ammonia are the only two things to kill this bug reliably.
The key to Coccidia Sucess? Prevention is Better than Cure.